Endodontics

What is Endodontics?

Endodontics is the branch of dentistry that is concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic clinical sciences including biology of the normal pulp; the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp, and associated periradicular conditions.

What is a root canal treatment?

A root canal is a dental procedure that is used to remove diseased pulp tissue from the interior of a tooth. The narrow channels beneath the pulp chamber in the inner part of the tooth are hollowed out and cleaned with flexible nickel titanium files, and the roots are filled with cement and  gutapercha.

If dental pulp is sufficiently traumatized — whether by exposure to oral bacteria via deep dental caries, a fracture in the tooth that enters the pulp or a forceful blow to the face — the tooth begins to die and root canal therapy is often required in order to prevent or eliminate infection and prevent tooth loss.

In how many visits does this treatment finish?

The root canal treatment may require one or more visits, it would depend on how bad is the pupal disease. In case that the treatment require more than one visit, the opening of the crown is temporarily restored to protect the tooth until the next visit. The last step would be to restore the tooth, either with composite or with a crown.

How do I know when I need a root canal?

Certain signs may indicate that you have a diseased tooth or infected nerve and therefore may need a root canal. These signs include:

  • Severe pain
  • Tooth discoloration (brown or black color)
How long does the restored tooth last?

It would depend on the previous damage in the structure of the tooth. However a tooth with good structure or well restored and protected, will be able to remain with you all your life.