Periodontics

What is Periodontics?

Periodontics is the dental speciality related to care of the tissues that surround the teeth (bone and gums). When these tissues become infected a range of illnesses may occur, from gingivitis to severe periodontal disease. In the worst case scenario, periodontal illness may lead to tooth loss.

Why do I have bad breath?

Bad breath, also called halitosis, can happen to you for several reasons:

  • Poor oral hygiene (incorrect brushing or cleaning with inadequate dental floss)
  • Gum disease (periodontal disease or gingivitis)
  • Presence of caries or filtered restorations
  • Ingestion of certain foods, such as onions or garlic
  • Habits such as the consumption of tobacco or alcohol
  • Dry mouth caused by medication
  • Systemic diseases such as cancer, diabetes and liver disorders
What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums caused by dental plaque that is formed by bacteria. When you have gingivitis, your gums bleed easily, especially during brushing.

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Periodontal Disease is a chronic irreversible dental illness which may initially present as gingivitis and later develop into loss of bone, retreating gums and tooth loss.

What is the treatment for Periodontal illness?

The treatment for periodontal illness consists of eliminating the bacteria found in the pockets that form between the teeth and gums. These “periodontal pockets” form due to loss of bone.

Removing the bacteria and reducing the size of these pockets can be achieved through different treatments: root planing and smoothing, courses of antibiotics, application of Emdogain (Straumann biomaterials) and periodontal surgery.

Maintenance of dental hygiene at home with a good brushing technique will help slow the progress of the illness. Due to the fact that the illness is chronic you must go to appointments for maintenance treatments when advised by your specialist.

What is a Gingivoplasty?

Gingivoplasty is a simple surgical procedure that involves remodelling the gumline to achieve a contour that is physiologically and aesthetically improved.

What is a gingivectomy?

Gingivectomy is a surgical procedure that may be recommended by your periodontal specialist. It involves the removal of damaged gum tissue or supporting harder tissues after patients have suffered from periodontal disease.

What is clinical crown elongation?

This is a procedure that achieves an increase in the visible part of a tooth by displacement of bone and gingival tissue.

Am I a candidate for these procedures?

Our professionals will determine if you are a candidate for these treatments. Some of the obvious signs may be:

  • Gingival smile (“gummy smile”) caused by an enlargement of your gums
  • An unusual eruption of teeth
  • Lack of harmony in the proportion of your teeth